Brain Hemorrhage Treatment

Brain Hemorrhage Treatment

Brain Hemorrhage is bleeding in the brain and it can occur due to several reasons. It is also known as blood bleed and it is a serious emergency condition. A brain hemorrhage can also lead to various other serious conditions such as seizures, body weakness, and even death. It can also lead to a reduced supply of oxygen to the brain and thereby pressure in the brain increases. This further kills brain cells. Hence if you ever have any signs of brain hemorrhage, it is important to consider getting medical assistance as early as possible.

Are There Any Signs of Brain Hemorrhage?

The symptoms of brain hemorrhage are based on the location of bleeding, its severity, the tissues affected, etc. The symptoms vary but the following are the common signs:

  • Severe headache that occurs suddenly
  • Weakness on one side of the body such as arms and legs
  • Changes in vision
  • Problem in swallowing
  • Difficulty in understanding and confusion
  • Seizures
  • Slurred speech
  • Changes in balance and coordination
  • Unconsciousness
  • Sensitivity to light

If you ever experience any of the above signs, meet Dr Vishwak Sena Reddy, an experienced neurosurgeon in Hyderabad. He can handle any type of neurosurgical problem and has excelled in it.

Causes of Brain Hemorrhage

There are several causes and risk factors of brain bleed such as the following:

  • A head injury
  • High blood pressure
  • Bleeding disorders such as Hemophilia and sickle cell anemia
  • Liver diseases
  • Brain tumor
  • Amyloid angiopathy, which occurs as you get older
  • Use of drugs
  • Blood vessel abnormalities
  • Age. Older adults are more likely to experience brain hemorrhage

Types of Brain Hemorrhage

There are different types of brain hemorrhage based on the location of the blood bleed. The following are the types:

  • Intracerebral hemorrhage: It is the deadliest type and it occurs in the interior tissues of the brain. It can occur if the high blood pressure remains untreated for a long time.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: This occurs due to the bleeding between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater. If it is left untreated, it can even lead to death. A sudden headache is the warning sign of this hemorrhage.
  • Subdural bleed: It is the pooling of blood under the dura matter and outside the brain. It mainly occurs due to a head injury and can lead to several other problems. 
  • Epidural hemorrhage: It occurs when the blood pools between the skull and the dura mater. It can be a result of an injury where the underlying blood vessels get torn off. If not treated, it can cause high blood pressure, brain damage, breathing problems, and even death.

Are There any Complications with Brain Hemorrhage?

A brain hemorrhage can even cause complications or risks if it is left untreated for a long time. The bleeding can affect the communications of nerve cells with other body parts and their functioning also gets affected. Based on the location of the brain bleed, it can lead to several complications such as:

  • Vision loss
  • Memory and speech issues
  • Paralysis
  • Organ failure
  • Coma
  • Stroke
  • External bleeding
  • Numbness on one side of the body
  • Emotional problems
  • Confusion

How is Brain Hemorrhage Diagnosed and Treated?

The doctor will ask you about your signs and will conduct tests to determine the location of the bleeding. To locate the bleeding, the doctor may use tests such as MRI, CT scan, Cerebrospinal fluid exam, spinal tap, and Cerebral angiography.

The treatment is based on the location of the brain bleed, its severity, its cause, and the amount of swelling it caused. Surgery might be required to treat brain bleeds and the doctor focuses on reducing the pressure on the brain. The doctor performs a craniotomy procedure if the brain bleed is caused by a burst cerebral aneurysm. During this surgery, a part of the skull will be removed. Medications may also be prescribed to reduce blood pressure, seizures, and headache.

Though brain hemorrhage can be life-threatening, patients can recover from it if they receive treatment at an early stage. While recovering, rehabilitation treatments such as speech therapy, physical therapy, and occupational therapy can also help to lead the life.

A brain hemorrhage can even be prevented by taking proper care such as:

  • Avoiding drinking and smoking
  • Wearing safety gear while performing activities that can cause a brain injury
  • Quitting drugs
  • Treating high blood pressure

Receive Effective Care from Dr Vishwak Sena Reddy and Get Back to Your Life

If you or your loved one is experiencing the signs of brain hemorrhage, meet Dr Vishwak Sena Reddy immediately. He is one of the top neurosurgeons in Hyderabad and has treated several patients suffering from a brain bleed. When you choose us, you will receive care from a multidisciplinary team who makes use of the latest medical techniques. We focus more on providing minimally invasive surgical methods to ensure faster recovery and a painless experience for the patients. To find out more about the treatment methods, give us a call.